In 1978 the first “test tube” baby was born in England. The child was the result of an embryo conceived in a laboratory and then implanted in the mother, who delivered a healthy baby girl. Today science has taken that first in vitro fertilization a step further and can help parents choose the sex of their baby as well. Couples from all over the globe now visit sites like http://www.gender-baby.com and arrange visits to clinics like HRC Fertility Centers in California.
How Gender Selection Works
The first steps in gender selection work very much like in vitro fertilization. Several embryos are created using the parents’ eggs and sperm. However specialists take the process further. Doctors with years of training and experience examine all embryos and identify those with XX chromosomes (girls) and XY chromosomes (boys). Then depending on their clients’ wishes, doctors implant either girl or boy embryos.
Why Parents Want a Specific Gender
There are many reasons why parents specifically want a boy or girl. For instance, older parents who very much want a son may feel that gender selection costs are well worth it to guarantee a boy. Some couples consider it part of family planning and want a certain number of boys and girls. There are also cultural pressures on many people to produce sons. Parents may have had troubled relationships with a parent of their own sex and do not want to repeat the problems. Men often want sons they can bond with, while women might choose daughters who they can relate to and share things with.
How Screening Offers Extra Benefits
In addition to allowing parents to choose the sex of their children, pre-implantation genetic testing can identify chromosomal abnormalities such as Down’s Syndrome. Doctors implant healthy embryos. That is a major benefit because in nature a large number of embryos are defective, which accounts for the number of miscarriages. Genetic screening dramatically increases the odds that mothers will deliver healthy babies.
Every year parents travel to California in order to arrange genetic testing that allows them to choose the sex of their babies. Patients are cared for by doctors who create embryos in a lab and then screen them to determine their sex and to identify abnormalities.